Send to

Choose Destination
Virology. 1987 Nov;161(1):101-8.

Alternative forms of a strain-specific neutralizing antigenic site on the Sindbis virus E2 glycoprotein.

Author information

Department of Microbiology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695.


Experiments with monoclonal antibodies raised against two laboratory strains of Sindbis virus, SB and SIN, suggested the existence of a strain-specific neutralizing antigenic site (E2-b) on the E2 glycoprotein. A comparison of monoclonal antibody binding patterns and E2 glycoprotein gene sequences of six laboratory strains distinguished three different configurations of E2-b that correlated with specific amino acid substitutions at position 216 of the E2 glycoprotein. Further study of neutralization escape mutants selected with E2-b-specific antibodies confirmed that amino acid 216 is a major determinant of the E2-b antigenic site. Eight of nine mutants showed a coding change at position 216. One neutralization escape mutation created a new glycosylation site at position 213 and resulted in an E2 protein with an altered migration rate in SDS-PAGE. The neutralization escape mutants studied included amino acid substitutions not found in the laboratory strains that revealed differing binding requirements for two E2-b-specific monoclonal antibodies. The E2-b site is contrasted with the E2-c neutralizing antigenic site described previously (R.A. Olmsted, W.J. Meyer, and R.E. Johnston, 1986, Virology 148, 245-254).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center