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Refractory proctocolitis in the exclusively breast-fed infants.

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University Children's Hospital, Medical Faculty University of Belgrade, Serbia.


The arm of this review was to help general pediatricians and primary care physicians in diagnosing and managing cow's milk protein allergy in exclusively breast-fed infants. Allergic proctocolitis is a cause of rectal bleeding in exclusively breast-fed infants aged from 1 to 6 months.It is due to cow's milk protein transferred via breast milk. Diagnosis is based on clinical features and recovery after dietetic therapy. Rectal bleeding generally resolves within 72-96 hours of cow's milk protein maternal avoidance. Most infants tolerate cow's milk by their first birthday.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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