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J Small Anim Pract. 2014 Mar;55(3):160-3. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12179. Epub 2014 Jan 23.

Periodontal disease associated with red complex bacteria in dogs.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Bari, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Red complex bacteria (Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia and Porphyromonas gingivalis) play a major role in the aetiology of periodontal disease in humans. This study was designed to evaluate the association of such bacteria with periodontal disease in dogs.

METHODS:

Seventy-three subgingival samples taken from dogs ranging from 2 months to 12 years (median age 4 years) were tested for red complex bacteria using a polymerase chain reaction assay.

RESULTS:

Thirty-six of 73 (49 · 3%) dogs were found to be positive for T. forsythia and P. gingivalis. Dogs with gingivitis or periodontitis were more likely to be infected with T. forsythia and P. gingivalis [odds ratio (OR) 5 · 4 (confidence interval (CI) 1 · 9-15 · 6), P = 0 · 002] than healthy animals. Only 3 (4 · 1%) of 73 samples were positive for red complex bacteria, but the association with periodontal disease was not significant.

CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

The results indicate that involvement of red complex bacteria in periodontal disease in dogs is similar to that observed in humans. Only the concurrent presence of T. forsythia and P. gingivalis were correlated to periodontal disease in dogs in this study.

PMID:
24450418
DOI:
10.1111/jsap.12179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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