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Genes Dev. 2014 Feb 1;28(3):214-9. doi: 10.1101/gad.234336.113. Epub 2014 Jan 21.

Widespread suppression of intragenic transcription initiation by H-NS.

Author information

1
Institute of Microbiology and Infection, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom:

Erratum in

  • Genes Dev. 2014 Aug 1;28(15):1733.

Abstract

Widespread intragenic transcription initiation has been observed in many species. Here we show that the Escherichia coli ehxCABD operon contains numerous intragenic promoters in both sense and antisense orientations. Transcription from these promoters is silenced by the histone-like nucleoid structuring (H-NS) protein. On a genome-wide scale, we show that 46% of H-NS-suppressed transcripts in E. coli are intragenic in origin. Furthermore, many intergenic promoters repressed by H-NS are for noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs). Thus, a major overlooked function of H-NS is to prevent transcription of spurious RNA. Our data provide a molecular description for the toxicity of horizontally acquired DNA and explain how this is counteracted by H-NS.

KEYWORDS:

H-NS; nucleoid; pervasive transcription

PMID:
24449106
PMCID:
PMC3923964
DOI:
10.1101/gad.234336.113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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