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J Neurol. 2014 Mar;261(3):600-3. doi: 10.1007/s00415-014-7242-x. Epub 2014 Jan 22.

The role of the right inferior frontal gyrus in the pathogenesis of post-stroke psychosis.

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1
Division of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, 10 E Charing Cross Campus, London, W6 8RP, UK.

Abstract

Psychotic symptoms have previously been reported following right hemisphere brain injury. We sought to identify the specific neuroanatomical basis of delusions following stroke by studying a series of patients with post-stroke psychosis. Lesion overlap analysis was conducted on three individuals with delusions following right hemisphere stroke. These cases were compared with a control group of patients with similar anatomical damage. The main outcome measures were presence of delusions and presence of behavioural susceptibility. The right inferior frontal gyrus and underlying white matter, including the superior longitudinal fasciculus and anterior corona radiata, were involved in all three cases. All three had a preexisting untreated psychiatric disorder. In contrast, only one of nine control cases with equivalent lesions had evidence of previous psychiatric disorder (p = 0.0182, Fisher's exact test), and this was being treated at the time of stroke. We provide clinical evidence from patients with structural brain lesions implicating damage to the right inferior frontal lobe in the generation of persistent psychosis following stroke. We suggest that preexisting psychiatric disease provided a behavioural susceptibility to develop delusions in these individuals.

PMID:
24449063
PMCID:
PMC3948509
DOI:
10.1007/s00415-014-7242-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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