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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1987 Sep;25(2):165-74.

Localization of Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 1 in the erythrocyte skeleton under knobs.

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Department of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057.


Plasmodium falciparum parasites that induce knobs in the host erythrocyte membrane (K+ phenotype) synthesize a 90 kDa histidine-rich protein (PfHRP-1), whereas knobless variants do not. A monoclonal antibody (mAb 89) to PfHRP-1, in combination with cryo-thin section immunoelectron microscopy, localized the antigen in the parasitophorous vacuolar space and vesicles within the erythrocyte cytosol. Additional immunoelectron microscopic studies showed that PfHRP-1 was also associated with submembranous electron-dense material under knobs and with microfilaments of the host erythrocyte skeletal network. Immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy of intact, non-fixed K+ infected erythrocytes using mAb 89 and a rabbit antiserum raised against purified PfHRP-1, failed to identify any surface exposed epitopes. These antibodies also failed to block cytoadherence of infected erythrocytes to C32 melanoma cells or to affect macrophage phagocytosis of infected erythrocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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