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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 Mar;73(3):551-60. doi: 10.1007/s00280-014-2382-3. Epub 2014 Jan 22.

UGT1A1*6 polymorphisms are correlated with irinotecan-induced toxicity: a system review and meta-analysis in Asians.

Author information

1
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Drum-Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Clinical Cancer Institute of Nanjing University, 321 Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, 210008, China, leiel_cheng@163.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Previous studies confirmed that genotyping uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1*28 polymorphisms could predict the side effects in cancer patients using irinotecan (IRI) and then reduce IRI-induced toxicity by preventative treatment or decrease in dose. However, the association between UGT1A1*6 polymorphisms and IRI-induced severe toxicity in Asian patients is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between UGT1A1*6 polymorphisms and IRI-induced severe neutropenia as well as diarrhea in Asian patients.

METHODS:

We searched all papers on PubMed and Embase from February 1998 to August 2013. Then we assessed the methodologies quality, extracted data and made statistics analysis using STATA software. To uncover the sources of heterogeneity, subgroup meta-analysis was conducted according to the dosage of IRI.

RESULTS:

Eleven papers were included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria after searching Pubmed and Embase. Overall, an increased risk of severe toxicity in Asian patients with UGT1A1*6 polymorphisms was found. Patients with heterozygous variant of UGT1A1*6 showed an increased risk [odds ratio (OR) = 1.98, 95 % confidence intervals (CI) 1.45-2.71, P < 0.001], and homozygous mutation showed an even higher risk (OR = 4.44, 95 % CI 2.42-8.14, P < 0.001) for severe neutropenia. For severe diarrhea, heterozygous variant of UGT1A1*6 showed no significant risk, while the homozygous variant performed a notable risk (OR = 3.51, 95 % CI 1.41-8.73, P = 0.007). Subgroup meta-analysis indicated that for patients harboring either heterozygous or homozygous variant, low dose of IRI also presented comparably increased risk in suffering severe neutropenia.

CONCLUSION:

In this meta-analysis, UGT1A1*6 polymorphisms were revealed as potential biomarkers, predicting IRI-induced severe toxicity in patients from Asia, and increased incidences of severe neutropenia could occur in both high/medium and low doses of IRI.

PMID:
24448639
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-014-2382-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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