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Elife. 2014;3:e01488. doi: 10.7554/eLife.01488. Epub 2014 Jan 21.

Computation identifies structural features that govern neuronal firing properties in slowly adapting touch receptors.

Author information

1
Department of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, United States.

Abstract

Touch is encoded by cutaneous sensory neurons with diverse morphologies and physiological outputs. How neuronal architecture influences response properties is unknown. To elucidate the origin of firing patterns in branched mechanoreceptors, we combined neuroanatomy, electrophysiology and computation to analyze mouse slowly adapting type I (SAI) afferents. These vertebrate touch receptors, which innervate Merkel cells, encode shape and texture. SAI afferents displayed a high degree of variability in touch-evoked firing and peripheral anatomy. The functional consequence of differences in anatomical architecture was tested by constructing network models representing sequential steps of mechanosensory encoding: skin displacement at touch receptors, mechanotransduction and action-potential initiation. A systematic survey of arbor configurations predicted that the arrangement of mechanotransduction sites at heminodes is a key structural feature that accounts in part for an afferent's firing properties. These findings identify an anatomical correlate and plausible mechanism to explain the driver effect first described by Adrian and Zotterman. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01488.001.

KEYWORDS:

Merkel cell; NaV1.6; computational modeling; skin; somatosensory; tactile

PMID:
24448409
PMCID:
PMC3896213
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.01488
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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