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Allergy. 2014 Mar;69(3):388-94. doi: 10.1111/all.12360. Epub 2014 Jan 21.

Propofol administration is safe in adult eosinophilic esophagitis patients sensitized to egg, soy, or peanut.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital San Pedro de Alcantara, Caceres, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sedation might improve tolerability and adherence to endoscopic procedures in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Propofol administration is often contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to egg, soy, or peanut.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the safety of propofol administration for procedural sedation in EoE patients sensitized/allergic to egg, soy, peanut.

METHODS:

A retrospective observational study in adult EoE patients undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy with propofol sedation was conducted between January 2009 and March 2013. Food-specific serum IgE and skin prick tests for egg, soy, peanut, and cross-reactant foods were performed in all patients.

RESULTS:

Sixty EoE adult patients, mostly on food elimination diets (91%), were evaluated (age: 28 years (14-56), male gender (90%)). Atopy was present in 88% of patients, being the most prevalent comorbidities rhinoconjunctivitis (78%) and asthma (67%). Fifty-two patients (86%) were sensitized to either egg, soy, or peanut. Eighteen patients (28%) had a history of allergic reactions to egg, legumes, and nuts and strictly avoided these foods. A total of 404 upper endoscopies were performed under propofol sedation. No allergic adverse events were reported, except a transient bronchospasm after orotracheal intubation in an asthmatic adolescent receiving multiple drugs for anesthesia, in whom no sensitization to either propofol or its lipid vehicle was confirmed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Propofol was safely administered for procedural sedation in a large series of adult EoE patients multisensitized to egg, soy, peanut, showing one-third clinical allergy to these foods.

KEYWORDS:

egg; eosinophilic esophagitis; peanut; propofol; soy

PMID:
24447028
DOI:
10.1111/all.12360
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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