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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1987 Oct;258(1):167-75.

Purine nucleotide metabolism in phytohemagglutinin-induced human T lymphocytes.

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Department of Paediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


The comprehensive studies of purine nucleotide metabolism were done in nonstimulated and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Nonstimulated lymphocytes synthesize nucleotides in two alternative pathways: via biosynthesis de novo and salvage pathways. Although synthesis of triphosphonucleosides in unstimulated lymphocytes was the predominant pathway, interconversion of monophosphonucleosides was also active. Exposure of cells to PHA affects differently various pathways of nucleotide metabolism. The most marked changes observed were rapid activation of purine salvage within minutes after exposure to PHA, and significant increase of 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate levels. In addition, significant increases were found in de novo purine biosynthesis, nucleotide interconversions, and RNA and DNA synthesis, whereas catabolism of nucleotides remained unchanged. These results indicate that PHA activation of T lymphocytes causes a rapid synthesis of nucleotides which may be required immediately for increases in energy metabolism and later as the precursors of nucleic acid synthesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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