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Exp Cell Res. 2014 Mar 10;322(1):12-20. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2014.01.008. Epub 2014 Jan 15.

Library preparation methods for next-generation sequencing: tone down the bias.

Author information

1
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire - CNRS, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France. Electronic address: vandijk@cgm.cnrs-gif.fr.
2
Plateforme Intégrée IMAGIF - CNRS, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France.
3
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire - CNRS, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France.

Abstract

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has caused a revolution in biology. NGS requires the preparation of libraries in which (fragments of) DNA or RNA molecules are fused with adapters followed by PCR amplification and sequencing. It is evident that robust library preparation methods that produce a representative, non-biased source of nucleic acid material from the genome under investigation are of crucial importance. Nevertheless, it has become clear that NGS libraries for all types of applications contain biases that compromise the quality of NGS datasets and can lead to their erroneous interpretation. A detailed knowledge of the nature of these biases will be essential for a careful interpretation of NGS data on the one hand and will help to find ways to improve library quality or to develop bioinformatics tools to compensate for the bias on the other hand. In this review we discuss the literature on bias in the most common NGS library preparation protocols, both for DNA sequencing (DNA-seq) as well as for RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). Strikingly, almost all steps of the various protocols have been reported to introduce bias, especially in the case of RNA-seq, which is technically more challenging than DNA-seq. For each type of bias we discuss methods for improvement with a view to providing some useful advice to the researcher who wishes to convert any kind of raw nucleic acid into an NGS library.

KEYWORDS:

Bias; DNA-seq; Library preparation; Next-generation sequencing; RNA-seq

PMID:
24440557
DOI:
10.1016/j.yexcr.2014.01.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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