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BMC Genomics. 2014 Jan 18;15:42. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-42.

Genome sequence of Anopheles sinensis provides insight into genetics basis of mosquito competence for malaria parasites.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathogen Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, P,R, China. shenbo@njmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anopheles sinensis is an important mosquito vector of Plasmodium vivax, which is the most frequent and widely distributed cause of recurring malaria throughout Asia, and particularly in China, Korea, and Japan.

RESULTS:

We performed 454 next-generation sequencing and obtained a draft sequence of A. sinensis assembled into scaffolds spanning 220.8 million base pairs. Analysis of this genome sequence, we observed expansion and contraction of several immune-related gene families in anopheline relative to culicine mosquito species. These differences suggest that species-specific immune responses to Plasmodium invasion underpin the biological differences in susceptibility to Plasmodium infection that characterize these two mosquito subfamilies.

CONCLUSIONS:

The A. sinensis genome produced in this study, provides an important resource for analyzing the genetic basis of susceptibility and resistance of mosquitoes to Plasmodium parasites research which will ultimately facilitate the design of urgently needed interventions against this debilitating mosquito-borne disease.

PMID:
24438588
PMCID:
PMC3901762
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2164-15-42
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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