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Evid Based Spine Care J. 2013 Oct;4(2):126-31. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1347132. Epub 2013 Jun 18.

An extension-distraction injury of the thoracic spine with traumatic partial correction of thoracic kyphosis.

Author information

1
Division of Orthopedics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
2
Division of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States.

Abstract

Study Design The study is a case report. Objective The authors aim to report an unusual injury pattern in a patient previously treated for thoracic kyphoscoliosis. Methods A postoperative (computed tomography) CT of a healthy 24-year-old man who underwent posterior instrumentation and fusion for a kyphoscoliosis deformity was compared with a CT performed after a motor vehicle accident (MVA) 1 year later, which resulted in an extension-distraction injury of T8 with no neurologic deficit. Cobb angles of the thoracic sagittal images of both CTs were measured using a digital measuring device and the values were recorded. Results Initial postoperative sagittal CT images demonstrate a 67-degree residual thoracic kyphosis compared with the post-MVA sagittal CT images, which reveal a 54-degree thoracic kyphosis, a 13-degree improvement in sagittal alignment. Conclusion It is unusual for a patient with long posterior instrumentation of the spine to sustain a spinal fracture without breakage of the rods, which were 6-mm nickel-titanium alloy with two crosslinks. Although sustaining plastic deformation, the rods maintained their integrity to the degree that the patient required no subsequent treatment to his spine at 12 months follow-up. It is rare to sustain a vertebral fracture without implant failure, which occurred in this case.

KEYWORDS:

bone–screw interface; osseointegration; pseudoplasticity; superelasticity

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