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Environ Toxicol Chem. 2014 May;33(5):1072-6. doi: 10.1002/etc.2521. Epub 2014 Mar 21.

Lifelong exposure to methylmercury disrupts stress-induced corticosterone response in zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata).

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Institute for Integrative Bird Behavior Studies, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.

Abstract

Mercury can disrupt the endocrine systems of mammals and fish, but little is known about its effects on avian hormones. The authors employed an experimental manipulation to show that methylmercury suppresses the stress-induced corticosterone response in birds, an effect previously unreported in the literature. Corticosterone regulates many normal metabolic processes, such as the maintenance of proper blood glucose levels during stressful daily fasting; an inability to increase corticosterone levels in response to stressors renders a bird less able to face a wide array of environmental challenges. The authors studied reproductively mature zebra finches that had been exposed to 0.0 µg/g, 0.3 µg/g, 0.6 µg/g, 1.2 µg/g, or 2.4 µg/g (wet wt) dietary methylmercury throughout their life (i.e., from the egg onward). In contrast to some field studies, the present study found no significant change in baseline plasma corticosterone concentrations attributable to chronic methylmercury exposure. However, a comparison between the baseline corticosterone levels and levels after 30 min of handling stress revealed that the ability of birds to mount a stress response was reduced with increasing blood total mercury concentration. These results are consistent with adrenal corticoid disruption caused by chronic mercury exposure and mirror a similar study on free-living nestling songbirds exposed to environmental mercury.

KEYWORDS:

Corticosterone; Endocrine disruptor; Mercury; Stress; Zebra finch

PMID:
24436046
DOI:
10.1002/etc.2521
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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