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Exp Cell Res. 1987 Sep;172(1):146-57.

Phorbol ester binding and protein kinase C activity in normal and transformed human keratinocytes.

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Hubrecht Laboratorium, Netherlands Institute of Developmental Biology, Utrecht.


Normal keratinocytes, SV40-transformed keratinocytes (SVK14), and various squamous carcinoma cell (SCC) lines have been used as an in vitro model system to study the properties of phorbol ester receptor and protein kinase C expression during keratinocyte differentiation. The cell lines used exhibit a decreasing capacity to differentiate in the order of keratinocytes approximately SVK14 greater than SCC-12F2 greater than SCC-15 greater than SCC-4; moreover, all cell lines respond to a low external Ca2+ concentration by a decreased capacity to differentiate. Normal keratinocytes exhibited the highest number of phorbol ester receptors as compared to the other cell lines, while each individual cell line exhibited a higher number of phorbol ester receptors during growth under normal Ca2+ conditions as compared to cells grown under low Ca2+ conditions. The apparent dissociation constant (Kd) demonstrated only small variations in the various cell lines. In contrast, the cytoplasmic protein kinase C activity, was found to be higher in cells grown under low Ca2+ conditions than in cells grown under normal Ca2+ conditions, indicating the absence of a causal relationship between cytoplasmic protein kinase C activity and phorbol ester receptor expression. Therefore the properties of protein kinase C have been determined in more detail in normal keratinocytes and SCC-15 cells. These studies revealed differences between protein kinase C properties from the two cell lines grown under normal and low Ca2+ conditions. The differences included the effect of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on the redistribution pattern of protein kinase C between the cytoplasmic and particulate fractions as well as the activating effect of diolein in vitro on protein kinase C activity, partly purified from particulate or cytoplasmic fractions. These observations demonstrate that the functional protein kinase C activity of keratinocytes is determined by various endogenous and exogenous activators and that these activators are modulated differently in various cell lines, under various growth conditions (low Ca2+ versus normal Ca2+).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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