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Gut Microbes. 2014 Mar-Apr;5(2):202-7. doi: 10.4161/gmic.27492. Epub 2013 Dec 20.

A novel SCFA receptor, the microbiota, and blood pressure regulation.

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Department of Physiology; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Baltimore, MD USA.


The maintenance of blood pressure homeostasis is a complex process which is carefully regulated by a variety of inputs. We recently identified two sensory receptors (Olfactory receptor 78 and G protein couple receptor 41) as novel regulators of blood pressure. Both Olfr78 and Gpr41 are receptors for short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and we showed that propionate (a SCFA) modifies blood pressure in a manner which is differentially modulated by the absence of either Olfr78 or Gpr41. In addition, propionate modifies renin release in an Olfr78-dependent manner. Our study also demonstrated that antibiotic treatment modulates blood pressure in Olfr78 null mice, indicating that SCFAs produced by the gut microbiota likely influence blood pressure regulation. In this addendum, we summarize the findings of our recent study and provide a perspective on the implications of the interactions between the gut microbiota and blood pressure control.


Gpr41; Gpr43; blood pressure; cardiovascular; olfactory; renal; short chain fatty acid

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