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Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Dec;65(Suppl 3):614-8. doi: 10.1007/s12070-013-0630-1. Epub 2013 Feb 17.

Effects of hypertension on hearing.

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Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, Grant Medical College, J.J. Hospital, Room No. 712, Byculla, Mumbai, 400 008 India.


To determine the likely association between hypertension and hearing loss. 150 cases and 124 controls, both genders, aged 45-64, included in the research after sample estimation. Hypertension was verified through blood pressure readings and was classified as grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3 hypertension or no hypertension according to the blood pressure readings. Hearing was assessed by measuring pure tone threshold at various frequencies ranging between 250 and 8,000 Hz. There is a significant association between hypertension and increase in the hearing threshold. Hearing loss in the population under study suggests that hypertension is an accelerating factor of degeneration of the hearing apparatus due to aging. Association between Increased hearing threshold and hypertension in this research, can allow for an integrated work of cardiologists, nephrologists, otorhinolaryngologists, audiologists and other health professionals concerned with alterations caused by hypertension.


Hearing loss; Hearing threshold; Hypertension

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