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Indian J Virol. 2013 Dec;24(3):291-4. doi: 10.1007/s13337-013-0164-x. Epub 2013 Nov 10.

Emerging viral diseases of livestock in the developing world.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Unité 872, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Equipe 16-Immunopathology and Therapeutic Immunointervention, 75006 Paris, France.


Emerging and reemerging viral diseases of livestock and human beings are in sharp rise in recent years. Importantly, many of these viruses, including influenza, Hendra, Nipah and corona are of zoonotic importance. Several viral diseases of livestock such as bluetongue, peste des petits ruminants, camel pox, equine infectious anaemia, chicken anaemia and sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever are crossing their traditional boundaries. Emergence of new serotypes and variant forms of viruses as in the case of blue tongue virus, avian infectious bronchitis virus, Newcastle disease virus adds additional level of complexity. The increased incidence of emerging and reemerging viral diseases could be attributed to several factors including deforestation and surge in direct contact of livestock and humans with wild animals and birds. This special issue of "Indian Journal of Virology" is focused on diverse aspects of above diseases: isolation and characterization of viruses, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention measures and vaccine development.


Adjuvants; Diagnosis; Emergence; Livestock; Pathogenesis; Vaccines; Virus

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