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Ann Lab Med. 2014 Jan;34(1):31-7. doi: 10.3343/alm.2014.34.1.31. Epub 2013 Dec 6.

The drug resistance profile of Mycobacterium abscessus group strains from Korea.

Author information

1
Korean Institute of Tuberculosis, Chengwon, Korea.
2
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bacteria of the Mycobacterium abscessus group are the second most common pathogens responsible for lung disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria in Korea. There is still a lack of studies investigating the genetic mechanisms involved in M. abscessus resistance to antibiotics other than clarithromycin. This study investigated the characteristics of drug resistance exhibited by M. abscessus clinical isolates from Korea.

METHODS:

We performed drug susceptibility testing for a total of 404 M. abscessus clinical strains. Subspecies were differentiated by molecular biological methods and examined for mutations in drug resistance-related genes.

RESULTS:

Of the 404 strains examined, 202 (50.00%), 199 (49.26%), and 3 (0.74%) strains were identified as M. abscessus, M. massiliense, and M. bolletii, respectively. Of the 152 clarithromycin-resistant strains, 6 possessed rrl mutations, while 4 of the 30 amikacin-resistant strains contained rrs mutations, and 5 of the 114 quinolone-resistant strains had gyr mutations. All mutant strains had high minimal inhibitory concentration values for the antibiotics.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results showed the distribution of the strains with mutations in drug resistance-related genes was low in the M. abscessus group. Furthermore, we performed drug susceptibility testing and sequence analyses to determine the characteristics of these genes in the M. abscessus group.

KEYWORDS:

Drug resistance; Mutation; Mycobacterium abscessus group

PMID:
24422193
PMCID:
PMC3885770
DOI:
10.3343/alm.2014.34.1.31
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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