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Mult Scler. 2014 Jul;20(8):1112-22. doi: 10.1177/1352458513519354. Epub 2014 Jan 13.

Pragmatic intervention for increasing self-directed exercise behaviour and improving important health outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomised controlled trial.

Author information

1
Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.
2
Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK.
3
Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.
4
Biomedical Research Centre, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.
5
Multiple Sclerosis Society, UK.
6
School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK.
7
Neurology Department, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals Foundation Trust, UK.
8
School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK john.saxton@uea.ac.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Exercise programmes that can demonstrate evidence of long-lasting clinical effectiveness are needed for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS).

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a practically implemented exercise programme on self-directed exercise behaviour and important health outcomes in PwMS to nine months of follow-up.

METHODS:

We conducted a parallel-arm, randomised controlled trial: 120 PwMS (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) 1.0-6.5) randomised to a three-month exercise intervention plus usual care, or usual care only. Two supervised plus one home-exercise session (weeks 1-6) were followed by one supervised and two home-exercise sessions (weeks 7-12). Cognitive-behavioural techniques promoted long-term exercise behaviour change. Outcomes were blindly assessed at baseline and at three and nine months after randomisation. The primary outcome was self-reported exercise behaviour (Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ)). Secondary outcomes included fatigue and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

RESULTS:

The intervention increased self-reported exercise (9.6 points; 95% CI: 2.0 to 17.3 points; p = 0.01) and improved fatigue (p < 0.0001) and many HRQoL domains (p ≤ 0.03) at three months. The improvements in emotional well-being (p = 0.01), social function (p = 0.004) and overall quality of life (p = 0.001) were sustained for nine months.

CONCLUSION:

This pragmatic approach to implementing exercise increases self-reported exercise behaviour, improves fatigue and leads to a sustained enhancement of HRQoL domains in PwMS.

KEYWORDS:

Pragmatic exercise; cognitive behavioural; fatigue; health-related quality of life

PMID:
24421303
DOI:
10.1177/1352458513519354
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