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J Physiol Sci. 2014 Mar;64(2):119-28. doi: 10.1007/s12576-013-0302-7. Epub 2014 Jan 14.

Luminal trypsin induces enteric nerve-mediated anion secretion in the mouse cecum.

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Laboratory of Physiology, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Yada 52-1, Surugaku, Shizuoka, 422-8526, Japan.


Proteases play a diverse role in health and disease. An excessive concentration of proteases has been found in the feces of patients with inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome and been implicated in the pathogenesis of such disorders. This study examined the effect of the serine protease, trypsin, on intestinal epithelial anion secretion when added to the luminal side. A mucosal-submucosal sheet of the mouse cecum was mounted in Ussing chambers, and the short-circuit current (I sc) was measured. Trypsin added to the mucosal (luminal) side increased I sc with an ED50 value of approximately 10 μM. This I sc increase was suppressed by removing Cl(-) from the bathing solution. The I sc increase induced by 10-100 μM trypsin was substantially suppressed by tetrodotoxin, and partially inhibited by a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, but not by a muscarinic or nicotinic ACh-receptor antagonist. The trypsin-induced I sc increase was also significantly inhibited by a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor (5-HT3) antagonist and substantially suppressed by the simultaneous addition of both 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptor antagonists. We conclude that luminal trypsin activates the enteric reflex to induce anion secretion, 5-HT and substance P playing important mediating roles in this secreto-motor reflex. Luminal proteases may contribute to the cause of diarrhea occurring with some intestinal disorders.

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