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Microb Ecol. 2014 Apr;67(3):648-58. doi: 10.1007/s00248-013-0353-6. Epub 2014 Jan 14.

Effects of dry olive residue transformed by Coriolopsis floccosa (Polyporaceae) on the distribution and dynamic of a culturable fungal soil community.

Author information

1
Department of Soil Microbiology and Symbiotic Systems, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), C/Profesor Albareda, 1, 18008, Granada, Spain, josesimartos@gmail.com.

Abstract

Dry olive residue (DOR) is an abundant waste product resulting from a two-phase olive oil extraction system. Due to its high organic and mineral content, this material has been proposed as an organic soil amendment; however, it presents phytotoxic and microtoxic properties. Thus, a pretreatment is necessary before its application to soil. Among the strategies for the bioremediation of DOR is treatment with ligninolytic fungi, e.g. Coriolopsis floccosa. This work aimed to assess the diversity of culturable fungi in a soil of the southeast Iberian Peninsula and to evaluate the short-term impact of untransformed and C. floccosa-transformed DOR on soil mycobiota. A total of 1,733 strains were isolated by the particle filtration method and were grouped among 109 different species using morphological and molecular methods. The majority of isolates were ascomycetes and were concentrated among three orders: Hypocreales, Eurotiales and Capnodiales. The soil amendment with untransformed DOR was associated with a depression in fungal diversity at 30 days and changes in the proportions of the major species. However, when C. floccosa-transformed DOR was applied to the soil, changes in fungal diversity were less evident, and species composition was similar to unamended soil.

PMID:
24419542
DOI:
10.1007/s00248-013-0353-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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