Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2014 May;24(5):489-94. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2013.10.025. Epub 2013 Nov 6.

Identifying the threshold for vitamin D insufficiency in relation to cardiometabolic markers.

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, The S. Daniel International Center for Health and Disease, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address: sigalt@bgu.ac.il.
  • 2Department of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, The S. Daniel International Center for Health and Disease, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
  • 3Center of Preventive Medicine, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.
  • 4Metabolic Bone Disease Unit, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.
  • 5Metabolic Bone Disease Unit, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel; Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Israel.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

To determine the association between vitamin D status and cardiometabolic indicators, and to determine the vitamin threshold that affects these parameters.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

High-tech employees were recruited from a periodic occupational health examination clinic and via the study's website. Diastolic and systolic blood pressure (DBP, SBP), body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference were measured. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D, fasting plasma insulin (FPI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglycerides (TG), and high sensitive C-Reactive Protein (hs-CRP) were measured in fasting blood samples. Of the 400 men who agreed to participate, 358 (90%) completed the study. Mean age was 48.8 ± 10.2 y, BMI 27.0 ± 3.8 k/m(2), serum 25(OH)D 22.1 ± 7.9 ng/l. Deficiency (defined as serum 25(OH)D < 12 ng/ml) was observed among 10.6%, 29.9% were insufficient (12 < 25(OH)D < 20 ng/ml), and 59.5% had sufficient levels (25(OH)D > 20 ng/ml). BMI, waist circumference, FPI, HOMA-IR, TG, hs-CRP levels, DBP, and SBP were negatively associated with serum 25(OH)D. A curved linear association was found with insulin and HOMA-IR with a significant spline knot at 11 ng/ml. For hs-CRP a spline knot at 14 ng/ml was observed. TG, SBP, and DBP exhibited linear associations with 25(OH)D.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vitamin D status is related to cardiometabolic indicators in healthy men. We suggest a 25(OH)D threshold of 11-14 ng/ml for these outcomes. Future studies are required to address temporal relationships and the impact of vitamin D supplementation.

KEYWORDS:

BMI; Blood-pressure; CRP; HOMA-IR; Vitamin D

PMID:
24418378
DOI:
10.1016/j.numecd.2013.10.025
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center