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Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2014 Jan;96(1):5-10. doi: 10.1308/003588414X13824511650498.

Superficial venous insufficiency from the infernal to the endothermal.

Author information

1
Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, UK. dan1@doctors.org.uk.

Abstract

This review presents the common diseases associated with superficial venous insufficiency of the leg. These include varicose veins, swelling, skin damage and ulceration. The benefits and rationale behind treatment are discussed, followed by the historical advances from ancient mortality and prayer to the modern endovenous revolution. Finally, an overview of modern treatment options will discuss the evidence supporting the gold standard of endothermal ablation and the cost effectiveness of treatment at this time of challenging resource limitation.

PMID:
24417822
PMCID:
PMC5137661
DOI:
10.1308/003588414X13824511650498
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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