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Thorax. 2014 Nov;69(11):1053-5. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-204974. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

Cochrane corner: is integrated disease management for patients with COPD effective?

Author information

1
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands Department of Primary Community Care, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
4
Institute of Health Policy and Management/Institute of Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Patients with COPD experience respiratory symptoms, impairments of daily living and recurrent exacerbations. The aim of integrated disease management (IDM) is to establish a programme of different components of care (ie, self-management, exercise, nutrition) in which several healthcare providers (ie, nurses, general practitioners, physiotherapists, pulmonologists) collaborate to provide efficient and good quality of care. The aim of this Cochrane systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of IDM on quality of life, exercise tolerance and exacerbation related outcomes. Searches for all available evidence were carried out in various databases. Included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) consisted of interventions with multidisciplinary (≥2 healthcare providers) and multitreatment (≥2 components) IDM interventions with duration of at least 3 months. Two reviewers independently searched, assessed and extracted data of all RCTs. A total of 26 RCTs were included, involving 2997 patients from 11 different countries with a follow-up varying from 3 to 24 months. In all 68% of the patients were men, with a mean age of 68 years and a mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) predicted value of 44.3%. Patients treated with an IDM programme improved significantly on quality of life scores and reported a clinically relevant improvement of 44 m on 6 min walking distance, compared to controls. Furthermore, the number of patients with ≥1 respiratory related hospital admission reduced from 27 to 20 per 100 patients. Duration of hospitalisation decreased significantly by nearly 4 days.

KEYWORDS:

COPD epidemiology

PMID:
24415716
PMCID:
PMC4215268
DOI:
10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-204974
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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