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J Hazard Mater. 2014 Feb 28;267:40-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.12.029. Epub 2013 Dec 27.

Hydrogen-rich water alleviates aluminum-induced inhibition of root elongation in alfalfa via decreasing nitric oxide production.

Author information

1
College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.
2
Laboratory Center of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.
3
College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. Electronic address: wbshenh@njau.edu.cn.

Abstract

One of the earliest and distinct symptoms of aluminum (Al) toxicity is the inhibition of root elongation. Although hydrogen gas (H2) is recently described as an important bio-regulator in plants, whether and how H2 regulates Al-induced inhibition of root elongation is largely unknown. To address these gaps, hydrogen-rich water (HRW) was used to investigate a physiological role of H2 and its possible molecular mechanism. Individual or simultaneous (in particular) exposure of alfalfa seedlings to Al, or a fresh but not old nitric oxide (NO)-releasing compound sodium nitroprusside (SNP), not only increased NO production, but also led to a significant inhibition of root elongation. Above responses were differentially alleviated by pretreatment with 50% saturation of HRW. The addition of HRW also alleviated the appearance of Al toxicity symptoms, including the improvement of seedling growth and less accumulation of Al. Subsequent results revealed that the removal of NO by the NO scavenger, similar to HRW, could decrease NO production and alleviate Al- or SNP-induced inhibition of root growth. Thus, we proposed that HRW alleviated Al-induced inhibition of alfalfa root elongation by decreasing NO production. Such findings may be applicable to enhance crop yield and improve stress tolerance.

KEYWORDS:

Aluminum (Al) toxicity; Hydrogen-rich water; Medicago sativa; Nitric oxide; Root elongation inhibition

PMID:
24413050
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.12.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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