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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2014 Mar;48:92-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2013.12.012. Epub 2014 Jan 8.

Mitochondria: a kinase anchoring protein 1, a signaling platform for mitochondrial form and function.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.
2
Department of Pharmacology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA. Electronic address: stefan-strack@uiowa.edu.

Abstract

Mitochondria are best known for their role as cellular power plants, but they also serve as signaling hubs, regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation, and survival. A kinase anchoring protein 1 (AKAP1) is a scaffold protein that recruits protein kinase A (PKA) and other signaling proteins, as well as RNA, to the outer mitochondrial membrane. AKAP1 thereby integrates several second messenger cascades to modulate mitochondrial function and associated physiological and pathophysiological outcomes. Here, we review what is currently known about AKAP1's macromolecular interactions in health and disease states, including obesity. We also discuss dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), the enzyme that catalyzes mitochondrial fission, as one of the key substrates of the PKA/AKAP1 signaling complex in neurons. Recent evidence suggests that AKAP1 has critical roles in neuronal development and survival, which are mediated by inhibitory phosphorylation of Drp1 and maintenance of mitochondrial integrity.

KEYWORDS:

Dynamin-related protein 1; Mitochondria; Mitochondrial fission; Protein kinase A; Protein phosphatases; Signal transduction

PMID:
24412345
PMCID:
PMC3940257
DOI:
10.1016/j.biocel.2013.12.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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