Send to

Choose Destination
Mitochondrial DNA. 2015;26(6):914-6. doi: 10.3109/19401736.2013.863288. Epub 2014 Jan 10.

The mitochondrial genome of the black dwarf honey bee, Apis andreniformis (Hymenoptera: Apidae).

Author information

a College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Chonnam National University , Gwangju , Republic of Korea and.
b Department of Agricultural Biology , National Academy of Agricultural Science , RDA , Suwon , Republic of Korea.


We sequenced 17,329 bp of the black dwarf honey bee, Apis andreniformis (Hymenoptera: Apidae) mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) that lacked ∼200 bp of the A+T-rich region for the complete genomic sequence. The gene arrangement of the A. andreniformis mitogenome was identical to that of A. cerana. However, the genome contained five additional tRNALeu(CUN); four copies were located between tRNAMet and tRNAGln, and one copy was between tRNAGln and tRNAAla, along with the typical sets of genes (13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNAs, and 2 rRNAs) including regular tRNALeu(CUN) and the A+T-rich region (at least 923 bp). Only one copy of tRNALeu(CUN) differed by 1 bp from the other four copies of tRNALeu(CUN). Each additional tRNALeu(CUN) was followed by a nearly identical 68-bp long repeat sequence (95.6% identity). All 13 protein coding genes had typica start codons found in insect mitochondrial protein coding genes (two ATA, nine ATT and two ATG).


Apis andreniformis; mitochondrial genome; tRNALeu(CUN); tandem repeat sequences

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center