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Clin Lab. 2013;59(11-12):1423-7.

Criteria for detection of alpha-thalassemia-1 Thai type deletion in routine laboratory.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang-Mai University, Chiang-Mai, Thailand. sakornmi001@gmail.com
2
Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang-Mai University, Chiang-Mai, Thailand.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Using a single tube multiplex real-time PCR with SYBR Green1 and high resolution melting (HRM) analysis in routine laboratory for detection of alpha-thalassemia-1 Southeast Asian (SEA) type deletion simultaneously with Thai type deletion is costly.

METHODS:

Criteria for laboratory testing of alpha-thalassemia-1 Thai type deletion were set as follow: (1) MCV < or = 75 fL and negative for alpha-thalassemia-1 SEA type deletion, beta-thalassemia or homozygous HbE; (2) HbE trait with HbE level < 21.5% and negative for a-thalassemia-1 SEA type deletion; or (3) Hb Bart's and HbH found on HPLC chromatogram but negative for alpha-thalassemia-1 SEA type deletion.

RESULTS:

From May 2010 to October 2012, the number of samples to detect for alpha-thalassemia-1 Thai type deletion decreased from 15,081 to 672 samples and the alpha-thalassemia-1 Thai type deletion trait was found in 7 samples (1.04%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The new testing algorithm can reduce number of samples for detection of alpha-thalassemia-1 Thai type deletion.

PMID:
24409681
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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