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PLoS One. 2013 Nov 25;8(11):e81692. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081692. eCollection 2013.

The effects of exercise training in addition to energy restriction on functional capacities and body composition in obese adults during weight loss: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Centre for Exercise and Sports Science, School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.
2
Institute for Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), School of Sport and Exercise Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.
3
Human Neurotransmitters Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
4
Clinical Obesity Research Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
5
Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity is associated with impairments of physical function, cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength and the capacity to perform activities of daily living. This review examines the specific effects of exercise training in relation to body composition and physical function demonstrated by changes in cardiovascular fitness, and muscle strength when obese adults undergo energy restriction.

METHODS:

Electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials comparing energy restriction plus exercise training to energy restriction alone. Studies published to May 2013 were included if they used multi-component methods for analysing body composition and assessed measures of fitness in obese adults.

RESULTS:

Fourteen RCTs met the inclusion criteria. Heterogeneity of study characteristics prevented meta-analysis. Energy restriction plus exercise training was more effective than energy restriction alone for improving cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, and increasing fat mass loss and preserving lean body mass, depending on the type of exercise training.

CONCLUSION:

Adding exercise training to energy restriction for obese middle-aged and older individuals results in favourable changes to fitness and body composition. Whilst weight loss should be encouraged for obese individuals, exercise training should be included in lifestyle interventions as it offers additional benefits.

PMID:
24409219
PMCID:
PMC3884087
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0081692
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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