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Front Neurol. 2013 Dec 27;4:212. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2013.00212. eCollection 2013.

White matter disease correlates with lexical retrieval deficits in primary progressive aphasia.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Penn Frontotemporal Degeneration Center, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine , Philadelphia, PA , USA.
2
Penn Image Computing and Science Laboratory, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine , Philadelphia, PA , USA.
3
Department of Computer Science, Centre for Medical Image Computing, University College London , London , UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To relate fractional anisotropy (FA) changes associated with the semantic and logopenic variants of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) to measures of lexical retrieval.

METHODS:

We collected neuropsychological testing, volumetric magnetic resonance imaging, and diffusion-weighted imaging on semantic variant PPA (svPPA) (n = 11) and logopenic variant PPA (lvPPA) (n = 13) patients diagnosed using published criteria. We also acquired neuroimaging data on a group of demographically comparable healthy seniors (n = 34). FA was calculated and analyzed using a white matter (WM) tract-specific analysis approach. This approach utilizes anatomically guided data reduction to increase sensitivity and localizes results within canonically defined tracts. We used non-parametric, cluster-based statistical analysis to relate language performance to FA and determine regions of reduced FA in patients.

RESULTS:

We found widespread FA reductions in WM for both variants of PPA. FA was related to both confrontation naming and category naming fluency performance in left uncinate fasciculus and corpus callosum in svPPA and left superior and inferior longitudinal fasciculi in lvPPA.

CONCLUSION:

SvPPA and lvPPA are associated with distinct disruptions of a large-scale network implicated in lexical retrieval, and the WM disease in each phenotype may contribute to language impairments including lexical retrieval.

KEYWORDS:

diffusion-weighted MRI; frontotemporal dementia; magnetic resonance imaging; neuropsychology; primary progressive aphasia

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