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Planta. 1979 Jan;144(2):173-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00387267.

The effects of 2,4-dinitrophenol and chemical modifying reagents on auxin transport by suspension-cultured crown gall cells.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, CB2 1QW, Cambridge, U.K..


1. The effects of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) and chemical modifying reagents on the transport of indol-3-yl acetic acid (IAA) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4 D) by suspension-cultured crown gall cells of Parthenocissus tricuspidata Planch. were investigated. 2. DNP smoothly reduced uptakes of both benzoic acid and 2,4 D but IAA uptake at pH 6.0 was not inhibited by concentrations below 20 μmol/l except in the presence of 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) whose stimulatory effect was thereby abolished. DNP stimulated the efflux of 2,4 D and of IAA in the presence of TIBA. Without TIBA, DNP first inhibited but later stimulated IAA efflux. -3. Low concentrations of N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) (<5 μmol/l) abolished TIBA-stimulation of net IAA uptake while not affecting (or slightly promoting) net uptake of IAA alone, whose inhibition needs greater NEM concentrations. Diethylpyrocarbonate behaved similarly. The poorly-penetrant p-chloromercuriben-zenesulphonic acid did not cause a marked differential inhibition of the TIBA stimulation. - 4. Together with earlier data, the results support a two-carrier model comprising a common carrier for IAA and 2,4 D, previously suggested to be an auxin anion/proton symport, and also an electrogenic carrier, specific for IAA anions, and inhibited by TIBA. The role of such carriers in polar auxin transport is discussed.


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