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Genet Med. 2014 Jul;16(7):510-5. doi: 10.1038/gim.2013.183. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

Assessing the necessity of confirmatory testing for exome-sequencing results in a clinical molecular diagnostic laboratory.

Author information

1
1] Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine¸ David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA [2] Department of Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.
2
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine¸ David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.
3
1] Department of Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.
4
1] Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine¸ David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA [2] Department of Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA [3] Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Sanger sequencing is currently considered the gold standard methodology for clinical molecular diagnostic testing. However, next-generation sequencing has already emerged as a much more efficient means to identify genetic variants within gene panels, the exome, or the genome. We sought to assess the accuracy of next-generation sequencing variant identification in our clinical genomics laboratory with the goal of establishing a quality score threshold for confirmatory Sanger-based testing.

METHODS:

Confirmation data for reported results from 144 sequential clinical exome-sequencing cases (94 unique variants) and an additional set of 16 variants from comparable research samples were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Of the 110 total single-nucleotide variants analyzed, 103 variants had a quality score ≥Q500, 103 (100%) of which were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Of the remaining seven variants with quality scores <Q500, six were confirmed by Sanger sequencing (85%).

CONCLUSION:

For single-nucleotide variants, we predict that going forward, we will be able to reduce our Sanger confirmation workload by 70-80%. This serves as a proof of principle that as long as sufficient validation and quality control measures are implemented, the volume of Sanger confirmation can be reduced, alleviating a significant amount of the labor and cost burden on clinical laboratories wishing to use next-generation sequencing technology. However, Sanger confirmation of low-quality single-nucleotide variants and all insertions or deletions <10 bp remains necessary at this time in our laboratory.

PMID:
24406459
PMCID:
PMC4079763
DOI:
10.1038/gim.2013.183
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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