Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Dermatol. 2014 Jul;171(1):63-8. doi: 10.1111/bjd.12828. Epub 2014 Jun 24.

Skin ulcers related to chronic graft-versus-host disease: clinical findings and associated morbidity.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, AP-HP, Université Paris VII Sorbonne Paris Cité; and Hôpital Saint Louis, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

According to the National Institutes of Health classification of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD), skin ulcers after allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) are recorded as having the maximal severity score but published data are scarce.

OBJECTIVES:

To describe skin ulcers related to cGVHD with an emphasis on clinical findings, associated morbidity, management and evolution.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A multicentre retrospective analysis was carried out of patients with a diagnosis of cGVHD skin ulcers.

RESULTS:

All 25 patients included in the study had sclerotic skin cGVHD and 21 had lichenoid skin lesions associated with the sclerotic skin lesions. Thirteen patients had severe cGVHD without considering the skin, because of the involvement of an extracutaneous organ by cGVHD. The median time from HSCT to the onset of ulcers was 44 months. In addition to scleroderma, initial skin lesions at the site of ulcers were bullous erosive lichen in 21 patients and bullous erosive morphoea in four patients. Fifteen patients had an inaugural oedema. Ulcers were mostly bilateral with a predilection for the lower limbs. They were frequently colonized but few infections occurred. Four patients died during a median follow-up period of 55 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

Chronic graft-versus-host disease skin ulcers occur in patients with sclerodermatous skin cGVHD, are associated with severe cGVHD, often start with bullous lichenoid lesions or bullous morphoea and seem to cause more morbidity than mortality, given the low rate of mortality observed in our series of patients.

PMID:
24404963
DOI:
10.1111/bjd.12828
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center