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Ann Oncol. 2014 Feb;25(2):481-6. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdt560. Epub 2014 Jan 8.

Alterations in bone mineral density and bone turnover markers in newly diagnosed adults with lymphoma receiving chemotherapy: a 1-year prospective pilot study.

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Department of Rheumatology.



Bone mineral density (BMD) loss is poorly defined in lymphoma patients. The aim of this study was to measure the extent of BMD loss in newly diagnosed lymphoma patients receiving chemotherapy.


This was a prospective, single-center study conducted in patients aged≥18 years with previously confirmed lymphoma treated by chemotherapy. Patients with low baseline BMD defined as Z/T-score less than or equal to -2.5 and/or history of osteoporotic fractures were excluded. BMD was measured at baseline before initiating chemotherapy and 1 year later. Predictive factors of BMD loss were investigated.


Forty-one lymphoma patients (31 males and 10 females) receiving chemotherapy were enrolled. The median age at diagnosis was 59 (range: 19-86) years. Histological subtypes were predominantly diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (58%), mostly stage III-IV (54%). All patients received chemotherapy and 22% of patients received second-line treatment due to relapse or progressive disease. Thirty-two patients were evaluable at 1 year. The mean BMD changes were: -2.7%±3.9% for lumbar spine (P<0.001), -2.2%±7.6% for femoral neck (P<0.01) and -2.6%±4.5% for total hip (P<0.0001). In multivariate analysis, predictive factors of BMD loss at baseline were (i) at lumbar spine: female gender (P=0.01), higher lactate dehydrogenase level (P=0.04) and lower creatinine clearance (P=0.01); (ii) at total hip: lower albumin (P=0.01), higher corrected serum calcium (P<0.01), lower alkaline phosphatase (AP) (P<0.01) and autologous stem cell transplant (P=0.03); and (iii) at femoral neck: higher corrected serum calcium (P=0.02) and lower bone AP (P=0.01).


Adult patients with known lymphoma receiving chemotherapy experienced significant BMD loss at 1 year.


bone mineral density; bone turnover markers; chemotherapy; corticosteroids; lymphoma

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