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BMC Nephrol. 2014 Jan 8;15:5. doi: 10.1186/1471-2369-15-5.

Haemolytic uremic syndrome following fire ant bites.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-Da Hospital/ I-Shou University, No,1, Yida Rd,, Yanchao Dist,, Kaohsiung City 824, Taiwan. ed100367@edah.org.tw.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a severe, life-threatening disease with symptoms such as haemolytic anaemia, renal failure, and a low platelet count. Possible aetiology includes bacterial infections, medication, post-hematopoietic cell transplantation, pregnancy, autoimmune disease, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We report the case of a 21-year-old healthy man who developed acute renal failure caused by HUS. Typical symptoms of HUS combined with severe uraemia developed following a large local reaction after suspected Solenopsis invicta (fire ant) bites. He was successfully treated with plasma exchange and achieved complete recovery of renal function.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first case illustrating a serious systemic reaction of HUS to fire ant bites, and highlights this severe complication in patients who sustain fire ant bites.

PMID:
24400942
PMCID:
PMC3890644
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2369-15-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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