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Pflugers Arch. 1987 May;408(6):584-91.

Epinephrine activates outward rectifying K channel in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells.


Patch-clamp recordings were used to study the epinephrine dependent activation of ion channels in the cell membrane of cultured subconfluent renal epithelial (MDCK) cells. The patch-current was dominated by two populations of K channels. The spontaneously active population of K channels shows an inward rectifying behavior. Addition of epinephrine to the cell exterior, after the patch-pipette had been sealed to the cell membrane, increased the open probability of the inward rectifying K channel and shifted the membrane potential in the hyperpolarizing direction. The epinephrine induced hyperpolarization occurs in the range of seconds and is caused by activation of outward-rectifying K channels. The outward-rectifying K channel could not be observed under control conditions. Epinephrine activated channels always appeared in clusters of four to nine channels. Both populations of K channels are modulated in their open probability by cytoplasmic free calcium and voltage.

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