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Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol. 2013 Dec;217(6):211-4. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1361096. Epub 2014 Jan 7.

Analysis of the German perinatal survey of the years 2007-2011 and comparison with data from 1995-1997: neonatal characteristics and duration of pregnancy.

Author information

1
German Center for Growth, Development and Health Encouragement -during Childhood and Youth, Berlin, Germany.
2
Department of Anthropology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
3
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
4
Section of Perinatal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Technical -University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
5
Institute of Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
6
Department of Neonatology, Klinikum Südstadt, Rostock, Germany.
7
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM:

We have previously analysed neonatal characteristics and duration of pregnancy in Germany based on data from the German Perinatal Survey of 1995-1997. Here we describe neonatal characteristics and duration of pregnancy based on the German Perinatal Survey of 2007-2011.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We had been provided with data from the German Perinatal Survey of 1995-1997 by the chambers of physicians of all the states of Germany except Baden-Württemberg (1 815 318 singleton neonates). We were also provided with access to the perinatal survey data of 2007-2011 by the AQUA Institute in Göttingen, Germany (3 187 920 singleton neonates). We investigated regional differences within Germany and also compared the 2 periods of time. We used the computer programme SPSS for data analysis and performed plausibility checks on the survey data.

RESULTS:

Comparing the states of Germany, we found that birth weight was largest for neonates born in Schleswig-Holstein (3 407 g) and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (3 392 g); the lowest mean birth weight was observed in the Saarland (3 283 g). Preterm birth rate varied between 6.3% (Saxony) and 8.1% (Bremen, Saarland). Comparing 1995-1997 vs. 2007-2011, deliveries after 37 and 38 weeks of gestation were more common and deliveries after 39 and more weeks of gestation were less common in the later period of time.

CONCLUSIONS:

Regional differences in the anthropometric characteristics of neonates exist between the states of Germany. The proportion of deliveries after 39 and more weeks of gestation has decreased.

PMID:
24399320
DOI:
10.1055/s-0033-1361096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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