Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Horm Behav. 2014 Mar;65(3):294-300. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.12.014. Epub 2014 Jan 4.

The orexin-1 receptor antagonist SB-334867 attenuates anxiety in rats exposed to cat odor but not the elevated plus maze: an investigation of Trial 1 and Trial 2 effects.

Author information

Department of Psychology C3A, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia. Electronic address:
Department of Psychology C3A, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia.


The orexins are hypothalamic neuropeptides most well known for their roles in regulating feeding and sleeping behaviors. Recent findings suggest that orexin-A may also modulate anxiety, although how and when the orexin system is involved remains unclear. To address this, we investigated the dose-dependent effects of the orexin-1 receptor antagonist SB-334867 in two rodent models of anxiety: the cat odor avoidance model and the elevated plus maze. In both models we tested the effects of SB-334867 when anxiety is novel (Trial 1) and familiar (Trial 2). In the first experiment, Wistar rats were treated with vehicle or SB-334867 (5, 10 or 20mg/kg, i.p.) prior to their first or second exposure to cat odor. During Trial 1, rats treated with 10mg/kg of SB-334867 approached the cat odor stimulus more than vehicle-treated rats. During Trial 2 the effects were more marked, with 10mg/kg of SB-334867 increasing approach times, increasing the number of times rats exited the hide box to engage in exploratory behavior, and decreasing overall hide times. In addition, the 20mg/kg dose decreased general activity during Trial 2. In the second experiment, the effects of SB-334867 (10 and 20mg/kg) were tested in the elevated plus maze. There were no significant differences produced by drug treatment during either Trial 1 or Trial 2. Results suggest that SB-334867 decreases anxiety induced by some, but not all, stressors.


Anxiety; Elevated plus maze; Hypocretins; One trial tolerance; Orexins; Predator odor avoidance; SB-334867

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center