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J Chiropr Med. 2013 Dec;12(4):252-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcm.2013.08.001.

Sports chiropractic management of concussions using the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 symptom scoring, serial examinations, and graded return to play protocol: a retrospective case series.

Author information

1
Chiropractor, Private Practice, Santa Monica, California.
2
Chiropractor, United States Olympic Committee, Chula Vista, California.
3
Director, Southern California University of Health Sciences (SCU) Sports Medicine Residency, Whittier, California.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this case series is to report how the symptom section of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) was used to manage athletes with concussions in a high school training room setting and to address the need for SCAT2 baseline measurements.

CLINICAL FEATURES:

During a 4-month period, 3 doctors of chiropractic with certification from the American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians managed 15 high school athletes with concussions in a multidisciplinary setting. Fourteen athletes were male American football players, and one was a female volleyball player.

INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME:

Of the 15 athletes, 3 athletes had baseline SCAT2 documentation. Athletes were evaluated and returned to play with a graded return to play protocol using the SCAT2 symptoms and serial physical examinations. Once participants were asymptomatic, they began a graded return to play process. A total of 47 SCAT2 tests were performed on the 15 athletes, averaging 3.13 SCAT2 evaluations per patient. Of the 15 athletes evaluated, 6 were managed and cleared for return to play; 2 of the athletes sustained concussions in the last week of the season, thus ending their season; and 3 athletes were cleared by medical doctors. None of the athletes under care reported an adverse event.

CONCLUSION:

The utilization of the SCAT2 with serial physical examinations provided objective measures for athlete's injuries, allowing the practitioners to evaluate concussions. More efforts are needed to collect baseline SCAT2 to compare these scores with subsequent SCAT2 scores following athletic injuries.

KEYWORDS:

Athletic injuries; Brain concussion; Chiropractic; Postconcussion syndrome

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