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J Cell Physiol. 1987 Jul;132(1):131-6.

Novel regulatory actions of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the metabolism of polyphosphoinositides in murine epidermal keratinocytes.


The in vitro incubation of murine keratinocytes in the presence of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 enhanced the rapid hydrolysis of the prelabeled keratinocyte polyphosphoinositides (polyPtdIns) when compared to untreated cells. The rapid hydrolysis of the polyPtdIns and the release of the inositol phosphates (particularly InsP3 and InsP2) precede the onset of differentiation of these cells. These data therefore suggest that 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 functions in vitro to initiate the rapid generation of InsP3 from cellular polyPtdIns; this in turn may mobilize intracellular Ca2+, thus providing the signal which program the murine keratinocytes from a proliferating mode into a differentiating mode.

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