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J Pak Med Assoc. 2013 Nov;63(11):1393-8.

A study on family communication pattern and parenting styles with quality of life in adolescent.

Author information

  • 1Scientific Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
  • 2Department of Public Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
  • 3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Health Promotion Research Center, School of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
  • 4Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.



To investigate the relationship between parenting styles and family communication patterns with adolescent's quality of life.


The cross-sectional study was carried out on 439 randomly selected adolescents in the city of Zahedan, Iran, from January to July 2011.The subjects were asked to complete the KIDSCREEN-52 health-related quality of life questionnaire, while their parents were asked to complete the Diana Brinder's Test to show their parenting styles. SPSS 15 was used to analyse data.


Most parents had 'authoritative' parenting style (n = 380; 86.6%). Pluralistic (n = 170; 38.7%) and consensual (n = 152; 34.6%) patterns were the most frequent styles of communication in families. Data suggested a significant relationship between parenting style and some dimensions of quality of life, including physical well-being, psychological well-being, social support and peers, and autonomy (p < 0.05). There was also a significant relationship between family communication patterns and parent relation and home life (p < 0.001) as well as autonomy (p < 0.006).


Families play a critical role in increasing adolescents' health-related quality-of-life. Effort should be made to address problems facing parents while raising their children.

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