Format

Send to

Choose Destination
PLoS One. 2014 Jan 2;9(1):e84394. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084394. eCollection 2014.

Synaptojanin 1 is required for endolysosomal trafficking of synaptic proteins in cone photoreceptor inner segments.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.
2
Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

Abstract

Highly polarized cells such as photoreceptors require precise and efficient strategies for establishing and maintaining the proper subcellular distribution of proteins. The signals and molecular machinery that regulate trafficking and sorting of synaptic proteins within cone inner segments is mostly unknown. In this study, we show that the polyphosphoinositide phosphatase Synaptojanin 1 (SynJ1) is critical for this process. We used transgenic markers for trafficking pathways, electron microscopy, and immunocytochemistry to characterize trafficking defects in cones of the zebrafish mutant, nrc(a14) , which is deficient in phosphoinositide phosphatase, SynJ1. The outer segments and connecting cilia of nrc(a14) cone photoreceptors are normal, but RibeyeB and VAMP2/synaptobrevin, which normally localize to the synapse, accumulate in the nrc(a14) inner segment. The structure of the Endoplasmic Reticulum in nrc(a14) mutant cones is normal. Golgi develop normally, but later become disordered. Large vesicular structures accumulate within nrc(a14) cone photoreceptor inner segments, particularly after prolonged incubation in darkness. Cone inner segments of nrc (a14) mutants also have enlarged acidic vesicles, abnormal late endosomes, and a disruption in autophagy. This last pathway also appears exacerbated by darkness. Taken altogether, these findings show that SynJ1 is required in cones for normal endolysosomal trafficking of synaptic proteins.

PMID:
24392132
PMCID:
PMC3879297
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0084394
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center