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Acta Med Okayama. 1987 Apr;41(2):55-62.

Therapeutic effect of hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy on vulvar and vaginal carcinoma.


A clinical trial was performed to investigate the efficacy of hyperthermia in combination with chemotherapy for gynecological malignancies. Sixty-nine patients with vaginal or vulvar malignancies (9 primary vulvar, 3 recurrent vulvar, 11 primary vaginal, 4 primary cervical, 40 recurrent cervical, and 2 recurrent ovarian carcinomas) were treated by thermochemotherapy (42 cases) or chemotherapy alone (27 cases). After treatment, 7 patients underwent surgery and 46 patients irradiation. The chemotherapeutic schedule was mainly a combination therapy with bleomycin and mitomycin C (B-M). Microwaves of 2.45 GHz were applied to induce local hyperthermia. The side effects of chemotherapy were not increased by hyperthermia. The rate of partial response plus complete response increased to 84% (16/19) in primary cancers and 45% in recurrent cancers by hyperthermia, compared to the respective values of 40% (2/5) and 17% (3/17) for chemotherapy alone. However, a satisfactory prognosis cannot be expected with thermochemotherapy, unless additional treatments are performed. Subsequent surgery or radiation treatment improved the progression-free interval.

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