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Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Mar;25(3):138-45. doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2013.12.001. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

SIRT1 and other sirtuins in metabolism.

Author information

1
Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.
2
Glenn Laboratory for the Science of Aging, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Electronic address: leng@mit.edu.

Abstract

Sirtuins such as SIRT1 are conserved protein NAD(+)-dependent deacylases and thus their function is intrinsically linked to cellular metabolism. Over the past two decades, accumulating evidence has indicated that sirtuins are not only important energy status sensors but also protect cells against metabolic stresses. Sirtuins regulate the aging process and are themselves regulated by diet and environmental stress. The versatile functions of sirtuins including, more specifically, SIRT1 are supported by their diverse cellular location allowing cells to sense changes in energy levels in the nucleus, cytoplasm, and mitochondrion. SIRT1 plays a critical role in metabolic health by deacetylating many target proteins in numerous tissues, including liver, muscle, adipose tissue, heart, and endothelium. This sirtuin also exerts important systemic effects via the hypothalamus. This review will cover these topics and suggest that strategies to maintain sirtuin activity may be on the horizon to forestall diseases of aging.

KEYWORDS:

CR mimetics; NAD(+); SIRT1; aging; calorie restriction; metabolism; sirtuins

PMID:
24388149
PMCID:
PMC3943707
DOI:
10.1016/j.tem.2013.12.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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