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Front Plant Sci. 2013 Dec 18;4:521. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00521. eCollection 2013.

Receptor-mediated signaling at plasmodesmata.

Author information

1
John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park Norwich, UK.

Abstract

Plasmodesmata (PD) generate continuity between plant cells via the cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and plasma membrane (PM), allowing movement of different classes of molecules between cells. Proteomic data indicates that the PD PM hosts many receptors and receptor kinases, as well as lipid raft and tetraspanin enriched microdomain associated proteins, suggesting the hypothesis that the PD PM is specialized with respect to both composition and function. PD-located receptor proteins and receptor kinases are responsible for perception of microbe associated molecular patterns at PD and initiate signaling that mediates changes to PD flux. In addition, developmentally relevant receptor kinases have different interactions dependent upon whether located at the PD PM or the cellular PM. The implications of these findings are that receptor-mediated signaling in PD membranes differs from that in the cellular PM and, in light the identification of PD-located proteins associated with membrane microdomains and the role of membrane microdomains in analogous signaling processes in animals, suggests that the PD PM contains specialized signaling platforms.

KEYWORDS:

lipid raft; plasmodesmata; receptor kinase; receptor protein; tetraspanin enriched microdomain

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