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Turk J Haematol. 2013 Sep;30(3):283-9. doi: 10.4274/Tjh.2012.0065. Epub 2013 Sep 5.

Detection of Left Ventricular Regional Function in Asymptomatic Children with beta-Thalassemia Major by Longitudinal Strain and Strain Rate Imaging.

Author information

1
Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Hematology, Gaziantep, Turkey.
2
Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Gaziantep, Turkey.
3
Gaziantep Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatric Hematology, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Abstract

in English, Turkish

OBJECTIVE:

Cardiac failure due to iron overload remains the most common cause of death in patients with beta-thalassemia major. This study aimed to evaluate myocardial function in children with beta-thalassemia major using standard echocardiography technique and strain rate imaging.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Conventional echocardiographic analysis, tissue velocity imaging, and strain/strain rate imaging of the left ventricle were evaluated in 48 children with beta-thalassemia major (19 girls, 29 boys; 8.39±4.05 years) and 22 healthy children (11 girls, 11 boys; 8±3.72 years).

RESULTS:

Conventional echocardiographic examinations revealed that beta-thalassemia patients had larger left ventricular end-systolic diameter, end-diastolic and end-systolic volume, left ventricular mass index, and mitral early/late diastolic flow velocity ratio (p<0.05). Strain and strain rate imaging study of the basal lateral wall of the left ventricle was higher in patients than in controls, at p=0.035 and p=0.008, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

We found that superior systolic strain and strain rate imaging of the left ventricle indicated the presence of regional systolic function in the left ventricular wall. We suggest that left ventricle volume and mass index parameters might be more sensitive than the other conventional and strain/strain rate imaging parameters during childhood. However, the adulthood strain and strain rate imaging values may be lower than controls, exceeding the critical level of iron overload.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST:

None declared.

KEYWORDS:

Regional left ventricular cardiac function; Strain; Strain rate imaging; Thalassemia; childhood

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