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Microbiol Immunol. 1987;31(1):1-11.

An ultrastructural study of HeLa cell invasion with Salmonella typhi GIFU 10007.


Scanning electron micrograph of HeLa S3 monolayered cells, inoculated with viable bacteria of a Salmonella typhi strain GIFU 10007, revealed that the extended microvilli tangled the bacteria within 10 min after inoculation. The micrographs of HeLa cells, at 1 hr after inoculation, indicate the following: shortening of bacterium-attached microvilli, subsiding of tangled bacteria into microvilli bush, and then attachment of bacterial soma to cell surface making the cell membrane depressed. The transmission electron micrographs, at 1 hr after inoculation, demonstrated the findings of interaction between HeLa cell and S. typhi 10007, similar to those observed on scanning electron micrographs. Hair-like fine structures from the soma of challenge organisms were also observed. They were in contact with HeLa cell microvilli and cell membrane. The bacteria were first partially and then totally surrounded by the HeLa cell plasma membrane. One, two, or several bacteria with intact outer membrane were enclosed in intracytoplasmic membrane-bound vacuoles. Fragmented vacuolar membrane was still visible around the intracellularly accumulated bacteria at 24 hr after inoculation. The viable cells of S. typhi 10007 are regarded as internalizing into HeLa cells by a process of endocytosis and to multiply within the membrane-bound vacuoles.

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