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Am J Med. 2014 Jan;127(1 Suppl):S17-24. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.09.010. Epub 2013 Oct 1.

Anaphylaxis in the young adult population.

Author information

1
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill; Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Electronic address: rugupta@luriechildrens.org.

Abstract

It is critical that clinicians treating young adults understand the presentation and management of anaphylaxis. The most common trigger for anaphylaxis in this population is food. The prevalence of food allergy is growing, with 8% of US children and adolescents affected. All patients at risk for anaphylaxis should be prescribed epinephrine autoinjectors, as epinephrine is the only life-saving medication for a severe anaphylactic reaction. The presentation of anaphylaxis can involve multiple organ systems (eg, mucocutaneous, respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal) and, as such, patient education is needed to assist in prompt recognition. Appropriate training of patients and caregivers about how to identify anaphylaxis and what to do in an emergency is critical. Training of school and college staff also is essential, as 1 in 4 first-time reactions occurs outside the home. Additional counseling for adolescents at risk for anaphylactic reactions should address increased risk-taking behavior, decreased adult supervision, dating, and the transition of disease management from an adult to the patient.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Allergy; Anaphylaxis; Children; Epinephrine; Risk-taking behavior; School safety; Young adults

PMID:
24384134
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.09.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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