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S D Med. 2013 Nov;66(11):459, 461, 463-5.

A comparison of the Sensory Profile scores of children with autism and an age- and gender-matched sample.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Therapy, Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, USA.
2
Department of Physician Assistant Studies, Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, USA.
3
Center for Disabilities, Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, USA.
4
University of Colorado, Denver, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects one in 88 children in the United States. The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) defines ASD as a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by qualitative impairment in communication and social interaction, and restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behavior patterns. The purpose of this study was to determine whether children with autism differ in their response to sensory input relative to typically developing age- and gender-matched peers.

METHOD:

The Sensory Profile (SP) is a 125-item caregiver questionnaire designed to measure a child's ability to process sensory information and to profile the effect of sensory processing on daily life activity. The results of the SP of 21 participants with autism ages 3 to 9 years were compared with an age- and gender-matched sample of typically developing children.

RESULTS:

Significant differences were found across all four SP quadrants (Registration, Seeking, Sensitivity, and Avoiding) as well as eight of the nine SP factor scores. This study adds to the evidence indicating that children with autism process and respond to sensory input differently than typically-developing peers.

CONCLUSION:

The findings from this study support previous research findings that sensory processing differences exist between children with ASD and their typically-developing peers, as measured by the SP.

PMID:
24383262
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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